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"ELECTRICAL GROUNDING FOR INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES"-THREE-DAY ADVANCED COURSE

Click Here For Our 2-Day "Basic Electrical Grounding" Course- Content

Click Here For Our 2-Day "Grounding for the Petrochemical Industry" Course- Content

Click Here For Our 2-Day "Medium & High Voltage Grounding" course- Content

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Click Here For Our 2-Day "Grounding & Bonding for the Telecommunications Industry" Course- Content

CONTACT US: pablodiaz@gstgrounding.com:





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Program Outline

DAY ONE

Session 1: State of the Art
  • Importance of Grounding Systems
  • Advanced Grounding System Definitions
  • Advanced Components of a Grounding System
  • Types of Grounding Systems
  • Detailed Requirements for a Grounding System
  • Advanced Electrical Grounding Concepts
  • Voltage and Current Distribution in the Soil
  • Voltage Drop around a Grounding Electrode
  • Fault Current Calculation

Session 2: Advanced Geology Considerations

  • Earth Crust Composition
  • Resistivity and Conductivity Properties of the soil
  • Properties of Different Soils
  • Electrical Conductivity of the soil
  • Resistivity Measurements
  • Wenner Method
  • Measurement Registry

Session 3: Advanced Grounding Overview

  • Why Ground Circuits and Systems
  • Grounding methods
  • System Grounding
  • Single Point Grounding
  • Solid Grounding
  • Impedance Grounding
  • Reactance Grounding
  • Resistance Grounding
  • Isolated Grounding
  • Ground Faults
  • Grounding Systems

Session 4: Grounding Electrode System Design Modelling

  • Advanced Grounding Theory
  • Parameters, Measurements and Calculations
  • Grounding Electrodes: Construction And Installation
  • Ground Resistance and Resistivity
  • Grounding Electrode Conductor
  • Electrical Grounding and Corrosion
  • Materials-Splicing
  • Installation and Protection
  • Sizing the grounding Electrode Conductor

DAY TWO
Session 5: Advanced Grounding System Design
  • Steps to Achieve a Proper Grounding System
  • Determination of Parameters
  • Design
  • Analysis
  • Topology
  • Materials
  • Grounding Electrodes
  • Low Voltage Systems
  • Basic Medium/High voltage Systems
  • Resistance Measurement
  • Measurement for Touch and Step Voltage
  • Grounding in Artic Regions

Session 6: Circuit Grounding

  • How to ground AC Systems
  • How to ground DC systems
  • Grounded Conductor
  • Direct Current Systems
  • Alternating-Current System

Session 7: Fault Protection Subsystems

  • Major Requirements: Leakage Current, Proper Sizing
  • Generators
  • Substations
  • Transformers
  • UPS systems: Online, Standby, Line Interactive, Alternative
  • Installation
  • Sizing the Equipment grounding
  • Identification of the Equipment grounding Conductor
  • Electric Shock
  • Grounding and electric Shock

Session 8: Lightning Protection Systems

  • The Phenomenon of Lightning
  • Development of Lightning Flash
  • Flash Parameters
  • Influence of Structure Height
  • Lightning- Characteristics
  • Electrical Effects
  • Basic Protection Requirements
  • Protection Systems
  • Rolling Sphere Concept
  • Electro-Geometric Method
  • Lightning Protection System Specifications

DAY THREE

Session 9: Advanced Industrial Electrical Systems Grounding Strategies

  • Grounding Subsystems
  • Exterior Ground Ring
  • Interior Ground ring- Halo Ground
  • Telecommunication’s Site Grounding
  • Low Frequency Networks
  • High frequency Networks
  • Telecommunication Rooms and Closets

Session 10: Advanced Electronic & Computer Equipment Grounding Systems

  • Computer and Electronic Equipment Grounding
  • Data Processing Equipment Grounding
  • Electronic Security Equipment Grounding
  • System Reference Zero
  • Detection of a faulty Neutral-Ground System
  • Sizing Wiring to meet Computer Industry Standards
  • Grounding line Treatment Devices
  • Transient Overvoltage Protector Grounding
  • Gas Tubes
  • Metal Oxide Varistors
  • Silicon Avalanche Diodes

Session 11: Signal/Instrumentation Grounding

  • Signal Grounding
  • Grounding Procedures
  • Lower Frequency Equipment
  • Cabinet Grounding
  • Bonding Practices
  • Higher Frequency Equipment
  • Equipment Containing both Lower and Higher Frequency Circuits
  • Shielding Guidelines
  • Instrumentation Grounding
  • Common Mode Noise Control
  • Instrumentation Grounding
  • Analog Systems
  • Grounded and Ungrounded Transducers
  • Amplifiers
  • Digital Data Systems
  • Equipment Inspection and Test Procedures

Session 12: EMI on Electronic Circuits

  • Susceptibility- Immunity
  • Cable Shielding and Grounding
  • Shields grounding
  • Coaxial Cables
  • Losses by Absorption and reflection
  • Grounding Low and High frequency Shielding
  • Grounding High frequency Shielding
  • Coaxial Cables
  • Superficial Resistivity
  • Resonance and Skin Effect
  • EMI (Electromagnetic Interference)
  • Inductive, Capacitive and Radiation Coupling
  • RFI (Radio frequency Interference)
  • Electrostatic Discharge

Session 13: Advanced Electrical Grounding Applications

  • Transmission Lines Grounding
  • Substation Grounding
  • Distribution Transformer Grounding
  • Reflector Light Pole Grounding
  • Motor Grounding
  • Telecommunications site Grounding
  • Satellite System Grounding
  • High Frequency Grounding System
  • Metallic Fence Grounding
  • Tanks Grounding

FOUR CASE HISTORIES INCLUDED:

THERE ARE FOUR CASE STUDIES THAT WILL BE PRESENTED: PETROCHEMICAL, TELECOMMUNICATION, COMPUTER FACILITY, AND A MANUFACTURING PLANT. SECOND DAY ALSO INCLUDES A LABORATORY SECTION WHERE A THE PARTICIPANTS ARE TAUGHT HOW TO PERFORM A GROUNDING AND POWER QUALITY SITE SURVEY. MEASURMENT PERFORMED: GROUND RESISTANCE AND RESISTIVITY, POWER QUALITY PARAMETERS SUCH AS: VOLTAGE, CURRENT, LOAD BALANCE, POWER FACTOR, DISPLACEMENT POWER FACTOR, VOLTAGE AND CURRENT HARMONICS, EFFECTIVE POWER (KW), APPARENT POWER (KVA), REACTIVE POWER (KVAR), K FACTOR FOR TRANSFORMERS, ETC, TO DIAGNOSE AND SOLVE MOST COMMON PROBLEMS.

Appendix

Standards and Codes

Classification Of Various Grounding Standards. Codes and Rules- National Electrical Code/IEEE Standards/ANSI Stds, Industry STDS Canadian Standards Association.

Case histories: several case studies will be presented: petrochemical, telecommunication, computer facility, and a manufacturing plant.

Earn Continuing Education Unit (CEU) Credits

Successful completion of this course qualifies participants to receive a certificate of course completion with indicated CEUs. CEUs are granted by either "North Idaho College", "Gonzaga University", "IEEE" or the Engineering Institute of Canada. One CEU is equivalent to 10 professional development hours of instruction. The following course earns 1.4 CEUs.

COURSE BENEFITS

It has been determined that over 70 per cent of all electrical problems in industrial, commercial and institutional power systems are due to poor grounding and wiring errors. Without proper grounding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage.
This electrical grounding seminar will give participants a comprehensive understanding of practical applications of proper grounding and wiring practices.

Increase Your Knowledge
· Focus on specific electrical grounding problems and consequences relating to fires, safety of personnel, and damage to equipment
· Participate in discussion of electrical grounding problems and how to overcome or avoid them
· Gain a firm foundation of knowledge for your next project involving electrical grounding
· Develop your knowledge of theory and practice

Learn About

· The requirements of the National Electrical, CEC in Canada and NOM 001 in Mexico.
· Specific grounding problems, installations and code requirements
· Testing procedures for residential, industrial, commercial and institutional electric power grounding systems
· Practical solutions to grounding problems

After Attending, You Will

· Work more safely and efficiently
· Have a better understanding of Article 250 in the 2005 N.E.C.®
· Be more aware of the benefits of good grounding systems
· Be better prepared to design your next grounding system

Who Should Attend

This electrical grounding course is a must for electrical engineers, design engineers, electrical engineering managers, project managers, power quality specialists, maintenance managers, consultants and technologists responsible for the design, construction, installation, inspection, operation, or maintenance of electrical systems, designers, contractors, and electrical technicians, inspectors, safety personnel and other employees responsible for the operation and maintenance of electrical grounding systems in a commercial, industrial, institutional or utility setting.

Effects of Poor Grounding

Without good grounding, sensitive electronic equipment is subjected to destruction of data, erratic equipment operation, and catastrophic damage.
Inductive effects of lighting including transients, wiring errors, and code violations cause damages estimated at about $20 billion dollars in the US and Canada each year.

The economics:

Loss of sales, Loss of production, Loss of work in process.

The knowledge acquired in this course will enable the participant to apply correct electrical installation procedures (CEC/NEC), effective cabling and state of the art technologies available for the protection of equipment and circuits. Code violation poses the greatest hazards to human life.

Other considerations:

Sometimes a system shut-down can cause a telecommunications company thousands of dollars per hour. To a petrochemical company, an unplanned shut down can cost millions of dollars.
With the practical application of the Electrical Code (CEC) and electrical grounding practices, which minimizes errors and loss of equipment, the cost of the course will be amortized many times over.
Other considerations are Warranties and Guarantees. For insurance validation, these warranties/guarantees are based on compliance with the Electrical Code (learned in this course).

CONTACT US: pablodiaz@gstgrounding.com



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OUR REPRESENTATIVE IN THE CARIBBEAN

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Trinidad W.I.
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C.P. 04230
México, D.F.
Tel./Fax: 5581-5118
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Herrera y Cairo 1663 Col Ladrón de Guevara
Guadalajara, Jalisco 44660
México
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CP 32551, Juarez, Chihuhua
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Tel: 656-274- 8176
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